Author Instruction

For examples of articles, made according to this author instruction, look at or
Please contact administrator if you are confronted with problems.

Submitting an article

The author can only submit an article, when it is related to a research question. In the field Research on the homepage of the site there are six research categories with each a subpage with research questions. The author can contact the administrator to discuss the possibility to open a new research question on the site.

When the author wants to submit an article, the author has to register on After registration the author gets a confirmation mail. The author is not registered before he has clicked this mail.
Log-in and find in the dashboard the category users and edit your profile by clicking on your name and then on edit. Please put the web address of your personal page in the contact info.
This personal page will then be shown when people click the arrow behind the authors name on the front page of the article.
Follow the instruction in tutorial 1 to submit the article. Don’t forget to indicate the name of the research question.
The article should contain an abstract and keywords.
It is possible to submit an abstract only for a certain research question. In that case, indicate when the article can be expected. Specify keywords.

Reference Manager

The references to literature in the article should have been made with the help of a reference manager. If the author does not already use a reference manager, he is asked to download for free and use Zotero. There are several instruction tutorials for Zotero on the internet. We made for our project tutorial 2,3 and 4 on working with Zotero. Looking at these three tutorials it becomes clear what the editor will do when editing your article. The author is only asked to use Zotero or another reference manager for the references to literature in the article. The administrator will ask the author to export the data of the reference manager, when the editing of the article is started.

Publication process and Open peer Review

The submitted article will have to be approved by the administrator, who will contact the author if it is impossible to approve.
The article will at first be posted as a preprint with the status concept not to be cited. After the article has been submitted the author can still change the article by contacting the administrator.
After some time the article will be edited by the administrator. When the editing is ready, it is posted as a preprint with the status of a citable edition 1 awaiting review. This edition 1 will be sent to two reviewers.
When the reviews have been published the author is asked to react to these reviews and to let know in this reaction whether he/she wants to create a revision (edition 2) or to maintain edition 1.
The maintained edition 1 will be published directly.
The revised edition 2 will be sent to the reviewers to give them the possibility to give a further comment, after which the article will be published. The review-history of the article will be included in the publication. For an example click on reviewed.


References to Paul Scholten ‘s Algemeen Deel

The administrator (not being a native speaker) will take care of a very light language edit only. The website aims at “global English”: a language which is fit for the mutual understanding between people from different linguistic backgrounds, without creating high costs for language edits.
An important concern of this author instruction is to prevent that the different editions of Paul Scholten’s main text – Algemeen Deel – create chaos in the text-references.
Algemeen Deel – is a book with three chapters. There are two editions (1931 and 1934) by Paul Scholten and a third edition (1974) by his son G.J. Scholten.
Refer only to the Algemeen Deel as a whole and to its pages when you want to refer to the chapters 2 and 3. When the reference is to sentences which have been added in the second or third edition, please indicate so in the footnote and show in which paragraph’s these sentences are added.
In all other cases of references to Paul Scholten’s Algemeen Deel, please use the text, which is downloadable on this site and divided in paragraph’s. These texts have a new title, please use this new title.

New titles for first chapter of Algemeen Deel, divided in paragraph’s and based on different editions

1. General Method of Private Law,(translation of edition 1, 1931)
2. Algemene Methode van het Privaatrecht (edition 1, 1931)
3. Méthode Générale du Droit Privé (translation of edition 2, 1934)
4. Metode Umum Hukum Perdata (translation of edition 3, 1974)

Side-by-side or standalone

When referring to these new titles, the author should clarify whether a reference is made to the side by side display (Dutch-English, French-English, Indonesian-Eglish, or Dutch-French) or the (identical) standalone (Dutch, French, Indonesian or English) or to both. Specify the the relevant numbers of the 530 paragraphs in which all these edition have identically divided the text.
The author is asked not to use his own translatuion in English. When the author disagrees with the translation presented in the General Method of Private law, he can indicate so in a footnote. The author is in that case also invited to give a comment on the side-by-side translation page of the site.

References to the Collected Papers of Paul Scholten

The Collected Papers are downloadable on the site. There are four books in two prints.
Give the title of the chapter, the booknumber and the pagenumber.


- We work with Chicago Manual Style 16th edition (note), Classic View. This means that the document is made with footnotes, in which the references are abbreviated, while at the end of the article a list with full references is given. When the article is published these footnotes will turn into endnotes.
- Do not use a dot after a hyperlink, because it leads to confusion.
- Do Not write ”. and ’. and ”, and ’,
But .” and .’ and ,” and ,’

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